To teach the pupils at least 19 letters and to develop their ability from being able to orally blend letters to being able to blend and segment individual letters. This phase is taught using the phonetic sounds of individual letters and then starting to blend them. On completion of this phase students will start to be able to read CVC (consonant vowel consonant) words such as cat or dog. Within school we have a number of books that are fully decodable (books that only contain words that are phonetically true, words that when read are made up of regular phonemes i.e cat is ‘c’ ‘a’ ‘t’). During this phase we will also start to teach the pupils some ‘tricky words’ that are not phonetically true for example ‘to’ or ‘no’.